Pillar 2 - Global Challenges & European Industrial Competitiveness

Boosting key technologies and solutions underpinning EU policies & Sustainable Development Goals.

Cluster 1 Health

  • Cluster 1 will help to achieve to a health-related industry in the EU that is more competitive and sustainable and will ensure both European leadership in breakthrough health technologies and strategic autonomy in essential medical supplies and digital technologies, thereby providing high-value jobs and contributing to economic growth, in particular SMEs. Cluster 1 will also contribute towards safer, trusted, more effective and efficient, affordable and cost-effective tools, technologies and digital solutions for improved (personalised) disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment and monitoring for improved patient outcomes and well-being. This will be achieved by integrating people in the design and decision-making, based on the expected health outcomes and potential risks involved.

Cluster 2 Culture, Creativity and Inclusive Society

  • Cluster 2 will help cultural heritage, the arts and creative sectors to realise their full potential as a driver of sustainable innovation. It will also help to underpin a European sense of belonging by means of an ongoing engagement with society, citizens and economic sectors and by protecting and promoting cultural heritage more effectively. Research and innovation will support access to our common heritage by means of new technologies and the high-quality digitalisation and curation of digital heritage assets and by developing solutions for sustainable and inclusive cultural tourism in Europe.


Cluster 3 Civil Security for Society

  • Cluster 3 will contribute to the establishment, deployment and stewardship of resilient critical digital infrastructure, both private and public. Strengthening the capabilities of the European cybersecurity industry and the uptake of architectural principles of 'security-by-design' and 'privacy-by-design' in digital technologies will increase strategic autonomy vis-à-vis foreign technologies. Another expected contribution will be towards the defence of the EU's high standards concerning the right to privacy, protection of personal data, and the protection of fundamental rights in the digital age on the global stage. Cluster 3 investments in cybersecurity will additionally contribute towards the resilience of the digital infrastructures and their ability to supply or provide services, as well as towards the security and safety of all producers and users.

Cluster 4 Digital, Industry and Space

  • Cluster 4 will support the development and mastery of digital and key enabling technologies of the future. This will increase adaptability and resilience and will serve to improve production response, recovery and the preparedness to deliver on a green, digital and fair transformation and will give EU industries across all sectors the competitive edge they need for leadership in global markets. Investments under this cluster will help the EU to seize opportunities in key parts of the digital supply chain, to consolidate EU assets (e.g. embedded systems, telecom, industrial technologies) and to develop segments that are absent from key strategic value chains, including a secure, sustainable, responsibly sourced supply of raw and critical raw materials.

Cluster 5 Climate, Energy and Mobility

  • Cluster 5 will catalyse the global transition towards a climate neutral and resilient economy by advancing climate science and accelerating the global uptake of climate action (both mitigation and adaptation) in line with the Paris Agreement and the SDGs. This will include improving knowledge of the earth's systems under different socio-economic pathways, estimating the impacts of climate change, and designing and evaluating solutions and pathways for mitigation and adaptation and for related social transformation.




Cluster 6 Food , Bioeconomy , Natural Resources, Agriculture and Environment

  • Cluster 6 will contribute towards restoring degraded ecosystems, reversing biodiversity loss and enhancing climate change mitigation and adaptation, and will also contribute towards the sustainable and circular management of natural resources on land and at sea. It will enhance healthy ecosystems and biodiversity that are indispensable to sustainable agriculture, aquaculture and fisheries. Farmers will be empowered to move to sustainable agriculture systems, and fish and seafood production will rely on more sustainable fisheries and aquaculture, including with novel foods. Our understanding of the climate mitigation and adaptation potential of ecosystems will improve, amongst other things by means of monitoring and environmental observations and will contribute to the achievement of climate-smart and sustainable agriculture, forestry systems, aquaculture and fisheries.